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Monday, June 24, 2019

25 Top Nutrition Interview Questions and Answers {Updated}

Nutrition Interview Questions and Answers for experienced PDF, Read commonly asked Nutrition Job Interview Questions with Answers PDF for Freshers.

Read Nutrition Interview Questions and Answers

Should teenagers take a vitamin supplement to meet their energy level up?
It is useless to give a vitamin supplement unless the teenager is on a low-calorie diet. It is always preferable to take vitamin organically from fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats.

What proportion of meal is best for a teenager? 3 large meals over a day or 6 small meals a day?
Teenager’s metabolism is higher than an adult; it is advisable to give them a small meal at regular interval rather than large meals at longer duration. It will help them to keep their energy level high all day and prevent them from overeating at meals.

Explain what is BMR?
BMR means Basal Metabolic Rate; it is energy expressed in calories that the body requires to keep it functioning at rest.

What should be a daily diet for a patient with Type 1 diabetes?
Diabetes type 1 diet should include
  • Variety of food containing unsaturated fats such as nuts, avocados, and oily fish
  • Avoid processed food
  • High fiber food
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables
  • Include beans and lentils in your diet
  • Reduce or avoid intake of salt, sugar, and alcohol

What should be the diet of a person who wants to lose weight?
To lose weight diet should be-
  • Low in carbohydrate: To lose weight quickly, you can have a small portion of vegetables and one piece of fruit per day and consume around 20-50 grams of carbohydrate
  • Reducing calorie and fat intake
  • Don’t skip meals and breakfast- it will tempt you to eat more and may lead to excess weight gain
  • Food high in fiber and less in calories
  • Drink a lot of water through the day and keep yourself hydrated

What is the formula to calculate BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate)?
The Harris benedict equation
  • For Men: [13.75 x weight] + [5 x height] – [6.76 x age] + 66
  • For Women: [9.56 x weight] + [1.85 x height] – [4.68 x age] + 655

Explain what is the difference between dietician and nutritionist?
The role of both nutritionist and dietician are same, they both are healthcare professionals and give vital information on healthy eating habits and dietary supplements, a dietician can be a nutritionist but not all nutritionist are dieticians. The dietician is registered and nationally recognized while nutritionist is more general.

What is the best vegetable to eat?
All fresh vegetables are best for your diet; it comprises of all essential nutrients like fiber, potassium, folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin C and most important range of anti-oxidant, which can reduce the risk of cancer.

Is meat bad for good health?
Meat is an excellent source of protein, iron and other essential nutrients. However, it should be roasted or grilled instead of fry to derive maximum health benefits.

If you don’t drink milk because of lactose intolerance where you can get calcium?
If you are not consuming milk due to lactose intolerance, you can get calcium from fat-free cheese and yogurt, canned sardines, orange juice, and cereals.

Explain what is good and bad fat?
Fat is classified into two categories, saturated and unsaturated. Unsaturated fat is healthy and reduces the risk of heart disease while saturated and trans fat is bad and increase the risk of the heart ailment.

List out saturated and unsaturated food items?
  • Saturated fat: Cheese, butter, deep fried foods, processed oil, fatty meats
  • Unsaturated or good fat: Fish, olives, nuts and peanuts, vegetable oil

Explain what is the most important point to remember in nutrition?
The most important thing in nutrition is moderation and diversity. One must consume all type of foods and in a moderate amount, not in excess.

How much water should an individual consumer per day?
  • Men: 13 cups (3 liters) of water per day
  • Women: 9 Cups ( 2.2 liters) of water per day

What is a good source of iron?
The absorption rate of iron from meat, poultry, and fish are higher than iron from plants, in order to get maximum absorption of iron, along with iron-rich food you have to take vitamin c like citrus fruits or yogurt.

Why Anti-oxidants are important for your body?
Antioxidants are a substance that may protect cells in your body from free radicals. Free radicals can damage your tissue cells; it is formed when your body or tissue cells are exposed to certain chemicals, pollution, radiation, etc.

What are the dietary Antioxidants?
Dietary antioxidants comprise of Selenium, Vitamin A and related Carotenoids, Vitamin C and E.

Do calcium supplements interfere with medications?
Calcium does interact with several medications in different ways like antibiotics, diuretics, laxatives, etc. It will have an effect on the absorption process of medication or vice versa. It is always advisable to take physician advice on its intake and at what duration you can have it.

Is it ok to replace medication with food supplement like replacing cholesterol medication with niacin?
Niacin is B3 vitamin (egg, peanut, milk) which has a tendency to reduce blood cholesterol, but you are already on medication that is reducing cholesterol, you should not replace it with high intake of vitamin B3 or Niacin.

What should a PKU diet be?
PKU is a genetic disorder called Phenylketonuria. It lacks the enzyme which converts phenylalanine amino acid into tyrosine amino acid, resulting in accumulation of phenylalanine. Excess phenylalanine causes brain damage, so children who have PKU should avoid protein-rich food.

Explain what is the intake of protein in a diabetic?
About 15- 20% of your daily calorie should come from protein. However, a diabetic patient won’t have any difference in their sugar level with high intake of protein, so they can consume food rich protein unless they have CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease) related to diabetes.

Explain which egg is more nutritious white or brown?
Both eggs have the same nutritional value; they are rich in protein, vitamin and most important nutrient choline which is responsible for brain development and function. One egg may provide half of your daily requirement of choline.

Explain how type 2 diabetes can be avoided?
Type 2 diabetes can be avoided by
  • Eat snacks and meals throughout the day, and do not go long without eating
  • Restrict yourself to the food rich in sodium, fat, and sugar
  • Eat more fiber-containing foods like vegetables, fruit and whole grains
  • Drink water instead of sweetened beverages

Does peach pit contain cyanide?
Peach pit does contain cyanide in the form of cyanogen glycosides, one hundred gram of moist peach seed contain 88 mg of cyanide. So if you eat the whole pit you would consume around 9 milligrams of cyanide in the form of amygdalin that is less poisonous.

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