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Monday, June 17, 2019

20 Top Physical Therapist Interview Questions and Answers {Updated}

Physical Therapist Interview Questions and Answers for experienced PDF, Read commonly asked Physical Therapist Job Interview Questions with Answers PDF for Freshers.

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Explain what is the use of Electrotherapy?
Electrotherapy is the use of electrical energy for medical purposes and to relieve the patient from pain. Electrical stimulation can directly block the transmission of pain signals along nerves. It also stimulates natural painkiller in our body like endorphins.

Explain what is Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy?
Musculoskeletal therapy is the treatment of muscle and joints conditions. The therapist will diagnose, gives treatment and prevent muscle and joint complications, especially spinal conditions which are responsible for neck and back pain.

Explain what is Nerve Pain? What are the symptoms of Nerve Pain?
Nerve pain is caused by damage nerves that often happens when you met with some accident or disease. It is also referred to as neuralgia or neuropathic. Such pain is different in their effect, and it can start anywhere in the body. The pain is often like stabbing, shooting, burning, aching, burning or electric shock.

Explain what are the responsibilities of a Physical Therapist?
• Patient Assessment
• Formulate a patient care plan
• Execute the patient care plan
• Keep records
• Train and Supervise Aides

What are the areas where a physical therapist are an expert?
• Neck and back pain
• Wound care
• Problems due to cancer
• Treatment for older or children
• Cardiac rehabilitation
• Sports-related injury and complications
• Respiratory problems
• Arthritis
• Muscular Aches

List out some of the conventional equipment used by the physical therapist to treat a patient?
Conventional equipment used by a physical therapist is
• Ramps
• Exercise balls
• Resistance exercise bands
• Posture Mirror

What are the techniques used by physiotherapy?
Techniques used are
• Hands-on Techniques: In this technique, hands are used for many purposes like joint manipulation with gentle gliding, muscle stretches, massage, and taping techniques.
• Exercise Prescription: A planned exercise suggested by the physical therapist, is the most common technique used for pain relief and to recover from accidental internal injury.
• Biomechanical Analysis: Your physiotherapist can save you from fatal injuries while practicing any sports or sports training by educating you about what not to do by doing biomechanical analysis.

List out some common causes of Nerve Pain?
The common cause of Nerve Pain is
• Shingles (Viral Infection)
• Trigeminal Neuralgia
• Diabetic Neuropathy
• Multiple Sclerosis
• Chemotherapy
• HIV infection
• Alcoholism and other nerve disorder
• Cancer

Explain how does kinesiology tape reduce swelling?
When you apply kinesiology tape over an inflamed area, the stretch in the tape gently lifts the skin, creating a space between the skin and the tissue below. This will create negative pressure, allowing lymphatic vessel and blood vessels to dilate (open) increasing the circulation of both fluids. When lymphatic vessel opens it will drain out the liquid accumulated at the inflamed area, which reduces swelling and relieves the person from pain. This tape does not contain any drug or pain killer in it.

Explain what is Lymphatic Drainage?
Lymphatic drainage is the delicate form of massage, where you do gentle massage on the body, which stimulates the body lymphatic system. It will improve the metabolism, helping the body to eliminate waste and toxin and boost the immune system at the same time. It is also helpful in relieving pain and reducing puffiness.

Explain what is a TENS machine?
A TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) machine are electronic medical devices, which can help the person to relieve from short term pain. It functions by stimulating nerves via electrical current.

What is the treatment of Arthritis?
• Protect your joints: Do not lift any heavyweight which can exert pressure on your knees and joints
• Do exercise: Under physician supervision or as guided by them you can do light exercise at a small interval
• Lose weight: lose excess weight
• Bone up: Eat food that is rich in calcium or can take a calcium supplement as directed by the physician. For a diabetic, blood pressure or heart patient, they have to take advice from a physician for the calcium supplement as it might interact with other medication.
• Take the medication as prescribed: Don’t stop any medication on your own without consulting physician, if you are not finding medication of any use.
• Apply warm water: Apply warm water pads it will help to relieve muscle tension and ease aching joints.
• Stretch your legs: Small stretching exercise will make muscle ligament strong and stop muscles from wear and tear.
• Apply Ice: When joints are inflamed and hot, try putting an ice pack on it, it will reduce the swelling on it and pain by constricting blood vessels.
• Eat healthily: Eat healthy food rich in minerals, nutrients, and proteins. It will cover the quota you required to function your body metabolic activities.

How physical therapist treat back pain?
The physical therapist usually follows two approaches to treat the patient with back pain.
a) Passive physical therapy
• Heat or Ice packs
• TENS units
• Ultrasound
• Iontophoresis
b) Active physical therapy
• Back strengthening exercise
• Low impact aerobic exercise
• Stretching exercises for back pain

Mention what are the taping technique used in physical therapy?
The various technique of taping includes
• ACL Taping: For stability
• Hip Taping: For hip treatment
• Mulligan Taping techniques: To Treat Tennis Elbow
• Mulligan Taping Technique: To treat an inverse ankle sprain
Apart from this taping, it can also be applied to various part of the body.

Explain what is ITB (Iliotibial Band) Syndrome?
The Iliotibial band syndrome is a pain caused in the knee due to the overuse of a long tendon, which connects bones to the muscles in the knee. The pain usually occurs in the outside of the knee just above the knee. This syndrome is often observer in cyclists, runners, and athletes

Explain how ITB syndrome is treated?
ITB syndrome is cured with simple exercise and stretches, physiotherapy can use the following approach to cure the patient with ITB syndrome
• By treating the knee and the affected area with heat, ice, and ultrasound
• By adjusting your routine like shortening the distance of your running or cycling, not overdoing things or restrict some positions that can put stress on knee areas.
• Choosing correct exercise for strengthening muscles
• Using techniques like ultrasound and friction massage to reduce inflammation on the knees
• Surgery is rarely needed to cure ITB problems

What types of treatment do Gynecology Physiotherapy includes?
The types of treatment that Gynecology Physiotherapy includes
• Antenatal Physiotherapy
• Post Natal Physiotherapy
• Stress Urinary Incontinence

Explain what is the difference between Chiropractic, Physiotherapy, and Osteopathy?
• Chiropractic: It is primarily focused on the manipulation of the spine to improve the general health of muscles and bones.
• Osteopathy: It deals with the musculo-skeletal system and is concerned with the structure that may be affected by the poor health of these systems
• Physiotherapy: It is wider and deals with any complication with injuries to the musculoskeletal system

Explain how taping can be helpful in treating Patellofemoral pain syndrome?
It is observed that when a patient is not given a tailored set of exercise and instead follows the generic exercise it fails to tread Patellofemoral pain. Apart from a controlled exercise, taping can also be used to cure Patellofemoral pain. It relieves pain and improves the contractile ability of the quadriceps.

What complication occurs when a patient has an adverse neural tension?
The complication arises due to adverse neural tension are
• Sciatica
• Back pain
• Neck pain
• Shoulder pain
• Carpal tunnel syndrome
• Tennis elbow
• Pinched Nerve

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