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Monday, June 17, 2019

20 Top Physician Interview Questions and Answers {Updated}

Physician Interview Questions and Answers for experienced PDF, Read commonly asked Physician Job Interview Questions with Answers PDF for Freshers.

Read Physician Interview Questions and Answers

For the patient, who have allergic sensitivity, would you recommend NSAID (Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory) drugs like Nimesulide?
Nimesulide belongs to the NSAID group, and there are some common as well as adverse side effect observed in patients taking this drug. Therefore, it is better not to prescribe this drug to an allergic patient or even to a healthy person. The side effects include diarrhea, vomiting, skin rash, itching, gastrointestinal side effects, nervous system side effects, etc.

Explain what is Psoriatic arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritis that is observed in the patient having psoriasis. Psoriasis is a condition that features red patches of skin topped with silvery scales. Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling are the main symptoms of psoriatic arthritis.

Explain what is Vertigo? What is the treatment of Vertigo?
Vertigo is a condition where the patient will have the illusion of motion. It is differentiated in two types; one is subjective vertigo, and another is objective vertigo. There are many reasons, a patient that can cause this condition like decreased blood flow of blood to the base of the brain, migraine, brain tumor, cold viruses, head trauma, and neck injury, etc. The patient can be treated by giving them medication like diazepam or meclizine.

Explain what are the types of nerves you find in the foot?
The types of nerves you find in the foot are• Tibial Nerve
• Common Fibular Nerve
• Sural Nerve
• Saphenous Nerve
• Medial Plantar Nerve
• Lateral Plantar Nerve
• Plantar digital nerves
• Calcaneal branches of the tibial and sural nerve

What do you mean by term Asphyxia?
Asphyxia is a term used to refer a medical condition, where there is too little oxygen in the blood and more carbon dioxide. Such condition is usually seen in the baby during birth time.

List out some of the medicines used to treat diabetes mellitus?•
• Sulfonylurea medicines
• Nateglinide and repaglinide
• Glitazones
• Acarbose
• Exenatide and liraglutide

Explain what is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a brain disorder where a group of nerve cells or neuron, in the brain sometimes signal strangely. During a seizure, the brain may cause the neuron to fire signals as many as 500 times a second.

List out the common types of seizures in Epilepsy?
Common types of seizures observed are• “Grand Mal” or Generalized tonic-clonic: Muscle rigidity, convulsions, unconsciousness
• Absence: Brief loss of consciousness
• Myoclonic: Sporadic, jerking movements
• Clonic: Repetitive, jerking movements
• Tonic: Rigidity, Muscle stiffness
• Atonic: Loss of muscle tone

Explain how to treat a patient who is drowned in the water?
You can treat a patient with
• Continue resuscitation as required or intubate if unconscious
• Supply oxygen
• Treat hypothermia, hypoglycemia, seizures, hypovolemia, and hypotension
• Observe the patient for at least 6 hours if it is awake as pulmonary oedema may occur within four hours
• Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), intubation and mechanical ventilation with high positive end-expiratory pressure
• Dialysis of renal failure
• Prophylactic antibiotics if patient drown in contaminated water
• Nasogastric tube & Catheter if needed
• Hyperbaric oxygen, artificial surfactant, and nitrous oxide

Explain what are the treatments for blocked airways by lung tumor?
If the tumor in the lung is blocking the airways, then the following techniques can be used
• Internal Radiography
• Electric current therapy
• Laser therapy
• Photodynamic therapy
• Radio wave treatment
• Cryotherapy

Explain what a stroke is and what are the types of stroke?
A stroke is referred for a brain attack that occurs when there is a blockage or interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain.
There are two types of strokes
• Ischemic stroke: This type of stroke occurs due to an obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain
• Hemorrhagic stroke: This type of stroke happens when a weakened blood vessel ruptures and spills blood into brain tissue.

Explain how ECG (Electro Cardio Gram) nodes are represented?
ECG machine will show five waves PQRST
• P Wave: It represents the normal atrial depolarization (a contraction of atria)
• QRS Wave: It represents the depolarization of the right and left ventricles (Contraction of ventricles
• T Wave: It represents the re-polarization of the ventricles (Relaxation of ventricles)

Explain what are the limitations of ECG?
• It reveals the heart rate and rhythm only during the time ECG is taken. If there is any intermittent cardiac rhythm, it is more likely to miss them
• Many times it observed that what appears abnormalities on ECG, sometimes have no medical significance
• ECG can often be normal or nearly normal in patients suffering from coronary artery disease

List some of the drug interaction that must be avoided or considered too dangerous?
Some of the dangerous drug interaction that must be avoided are
• Warfarin + NSAID’s
• Warfarin + Sulfa drugs
• Warfarin + Macrolides
• Warfarin +Quinolones
• Warfarin + Phenytoin
• ACE Inhibitors+Potassium Supplements
• ACE Inhibitors + Spironolactone
• Digoxin + Amiodarone
• Digoxin+Verapamil
• TheophyllineQuinolones

Mention the medication that is prescribed to treat a patient having high blood pressure?
Medication used for treating high blood pressure is
• ACE Inhibitors
• Calcium channel blockers
• Diuretics
• Beta-blockers
• Angiotensin receptor blockers

Explain what is the role of Glucocorticoids drugs?
Prednisolone is one of the examples of Glucocorticoid drugs; they are one type of steroid. This drug is used for the treatment of many diseases like multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, inflammation, etc. Normally, the human body makes glucocorticoids in the form of cortisol, whose primary function is to stop information, but when there is excess need of cortisol to cure chronic inflammation, a synthetic glucocorticoid is provided.

What are the factors that may cause thyroid problems in an individual?
The factors that may cause thyroid problems in an individual are
• Toxic Adenomas
• Subacute thyroiditis
• Pituitary gland malfunctions or cancerous growths in the thyroid gland
• Hashimoto’s disease ( body own immune system attacks thyroid tissue)
• Removal of the thyroid gland
• Exposure to excessive amounts of iodide
• Lithium drug

Explain what cause elephantiasis?
There are two ways elephantiasis can be infected
• Lymphatic Filariasis: It is caused by a worm known as wuchereria bancrofti parasite and is transmitted to human through mosquito bites
• Non-filarial elephantiasis: This type of elephantiasis is more seen in the central African region, and this occurs due to the chemical present in the volcanic ashes.
In both types of infection, they attack lymph nodes, often caused by an obstruction of lymphatic vessels, resulting in swelling of skin and tissue.

How hyperthyroidism can be treated?
Hyperthyroidism can be suppressed or treated in these ways:
• Radioiodine Treatment
• Anti-thyroid medication
• Surgery

Explain what is the difference between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?
• Hyperthyroidism: When thyroid hormone produces more thyroid hormones than the body’s requirement, then it is referred to as Hyperthyroidism.
• Hypothyroidism: When thyroid hormone does not produce the minimum amount of thyroid hormone then, it is referred to as Hypothyroidism.

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